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Ramadan 2015 reached us . Thanks to Allah Subhana va taala so much. May Allah svt the Exalted , bless you and your family with a beautiful month of fasting and nearness to Him svt.
Visit istanbul Team
Coordinates: 41°10′35″N 29°36′46″E
• District 915.58 km2 (353.51 sq mi)
• Urban 13,260
• District 30,218
• District density 33/km2 (85/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Area code(s) 0-216
Şile is a small town on the Black Sea, 70 km from the city of Istanbul, Turkey. Şile is a municipality and is the center of the eponym district of Istanbul. According to the 2007 census, the population of the district was 25,169, of which 9,831 lived in the city of Şile, 2,096 in the nearby town of Ağva (Yeşilçay) and 13,242 in surrounding villages. However, between June and September, the population rapidly increases because of the many residents of Istanbul who have summer houses in Şile.
The district of Şile is part of the province (il) of Istanbul, and the municipality of Şile is part of the metropolitan government (büyükşehir belediyesi) of Istanbul. Bordering Şile are the province of Kocaeli (districts of Gebze, Körfez, Derince, Kandıra) to the east and south, and the province of Istanbul districts of Pendik to the south, Çekmeköy to the southwest, and Beykoz to the west. The boundaries of Şile were expanded by the addition of the village of Esenceli from Beykoz district in 1987. Şile consists of Şile, Yeşilvadi and Teke subdistricts, and 58 villages. Popular resort Ağva is also a part of Şile.
Şile is a part of Istanbul public transport system (İETT). There is a bus from Harem via Üsküdar (located at the Anatolian side of Istanbul) to Şile (İETT Lines 139 and 139A).
As a bridge between Europe and Asia, the Turkish city has more to offer globally minded entrepreneurs than breathtaking sights and a rich history.
You might not think of Istanbul as a startup hub to rival the likes of Silicon Valley or Tel Aviv, but there’s a reason the city has been dubbed the Digital Bosphorus: Its e-commerce niche is growing rapidly, with players like Yemek Sepeti getting plenty of attention.
The online food ordering platform has raised approximately $47 million in funding, from investors like the New York City-based private equity firm General Atlantic and Endeavor Catalyst. The company now has more than 3.5 million registered users all over Turkey and the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, through a second site it operates called FoodOnClick.com.
Critically located at the intersection of Europe and Asia, it’s little wonder that Istanbul made Inc.’s shortlist of the top “Global Cities of the Future.” Considering the city’s geographic advantages, among other attributes, it’s more than conceivable that you could find yourself en route to Turkey soon.
Before you make the trek, here are a handful of things to know about Istanbul’s burgeoning startup scene:
1. The cost of living is lower than you’d expect.
Unlike some of the world’s more notable e-hubs–think New York City or London–Istanbul’s cost of living and average income is relatively low. Just ask Peri Kadaster, the director of marketing and strategy at Istanbul-based mobile software company Monitise. After relocating to Istanbul from San Francisco in 2013, she calls the difference “night and day,” with Istanbul offering businesses a “huge talent [and] cost arbitrage opportunity.”
Good news for travelers on a budget: There are plenty of affordable restaurants in Istanbul that fuse the best of Eastern and Western cuisine. And if you find yourself with an afternoon to spare, you can book a seat on a Bosphorus cruise for less than $50, with views of historic sights like the Hagia Sophia or the Blue Mosque in the Old City.
2. The population is young, smart, and social media savvy.
Kadaster was shocked when her 11-year-old Turkish cousin informed her that “Facebook is for old people.” The comment, said Kadaster, points to an important trend: Half of the Turkish populace (roughly 75 million people) is under the age of 30, and individuals are well connected to the internet. Turkey is one of the most active markets for Twitter. To wit, even when the microblogging site was blocked during the country’s latest political election, people continued to tweet, according to NBC News.
3. There’s plenty of engineering talent.
There are several universities in Istanbul that are churning out technical talent for startups, including Yildiz Technical University and Istanbul Technical University, which is ranked No. 165 in the world out of 400, on the basis of excellence in teaching, research, citations, industry income, and international outlook. Other schools, like Bahcesehir University, are opening up branches in New York City and Silicon Valley, thus giving students access to potential investors and networking opportunities.
4. Turkish culture is still warming up to entrepreneurship.
Turks tend to be more risk averse than Americans, according to Kadaster. She grew up in the U.S. but would frequently visit family in Istanbul before she made the move there herself.
Still, it’s important to remember that the Turkish startup scene is young: It’s only about eight years old, with just five acquisitions of startups to date, according to the nonprofit global entrepreneurship support organization Endeavor. Endeavor’s Turkish branch has helped grow companies like Yemek Sepeti, Monitise, and Peak Games, a global mobile gaming site, into multimillion-dollar ventures since Endeavor Turkey was founded in 2006.
5. Women are making progress.
Kadaster used to live and work in the bro-centric culture of Silicon Valley. In Istanbul, by contrast, she says, “Every room I’m in, there’s basically a mix of men and women.” That may have something to do with the gender ratio at Turkish universities: 54 percent of students are women, according to Didem Altop, Endeavor Turkey’s female co-founder. “There’s a really unique role for women to play in the entrepreneurship scene,” she added, especially given that “women are looking for more mission-driven careers.”
6. Venture capital is growing.
While the venture capital scene in Turkey is relatively nascent, it’s growing fast. There are approximately 10 homegrown VC firms in Istanbul alone, which each make an average of six investments per year, Endeavor’s Altop told Inc.
Kadaster, when asked about the VC landscape in Istanbul, perhaps said it best: “No matter where you are, good ideas will always get capital.”
Most foreign nationals from western countries do not require a visa in advance for a visit to Turkey. Some countries do not require a visa at all while most others can purchase it at border posts and airports. Working and residency permits are more complicated. Check out our article on Visas & Permits in Turkey for more information at below.
Visas/Permits for Turkey
We have put together a basic guide for visas for travelling, working, studying and living in Turkey. Due to the changing nature of government regulations, those intending to visit Turkey should check up-to-date information at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs before departing for Turkey.
Common visas and permits required for Turkey are listed below:
There are two types of tourist visas for Turkey:
Entry visa (single entry, multiple entry and entry with special annotations)
Transit visa (single and double transit)
A single entry visa is valid for 1 year for stays of up to three months and allows visitors to visit Turkey once.
A multiple entry visa is valid for up to 5 years and allows the holder to visit Turkey multiple times with a stay of 1-3 months each time he/she enters Turkey.
A Transit visa is valid for up to 3 months and allows the person to travel to another country while transiting through Turkey.
If the connecting flight to the third country does not require an overnight stay in Turkey, then no visa is necessary. Turkey doesn’t issue Airport Transit Visas (ATV).
Cruise ship passengers are allowed to enter Turkey and stay overnight in the port cities if permission is granted by local border police authorities. An entry visa is not required.
The following countries can enter Turkey for up to 3 months without a visa: Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Japan, New Zealand , South Korea, Sweden and Switzerland.
The following countries can enter Turkey for up to 3 months by purchasing a visa sticker: Australia, Belgium, Canada, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, UK and USA.
Citizens of South Africa, Hungary, Poland and many central Asian and eastern European countries can enter for up to one month by purchasing a visa sticker.
A comprehensive and up-to-date list of countries can be found here.
Visas can be purchased at borders. At Ataturk International Airport there is a visa booth from where a visa must be purchased before going through customs. Make sure to do this, otherwise you will be sent back to the customs area.
Work visas are given to work permit holders and are issued for single entry.
Work visas can be applied for after an employment contract has been signed with a Turkish employer and permission for a work permit has been submitted to the Ministry of Labor and Social Security (MLSS) of Turkey.
Application for Work Permit inside Turkey
Foreigners who have already been granted a residence permit in Turkey which is valid for at least six months (for any reason except education and training) can apply for a work permit with the Ministry of Labor and Social Security.
Application for Work Permit from Abroad
Foreigners may submit their application forms for work permits through Turkish embassies or consulates. Work permits are usually valid for 1year.
Foreigners can apply for an education visa only after they have enrolled in a Turkish university, school or a language course certified by the Ministry of Education. Education visas are generally valid for one year for single entry. The person concerned should apply to the nearest Turkish Embassy/Consulate in person with the necessary documentation.
An entry visa enables the bearer to stay in Turkey for the duration stated on the visa sticker. However, if the person intends or is obliged to stay in Turkey longer than the permitted duration, this extension is subject to the approval of the Ministry of Interior. In this case, the person has to obtain a residence permit.
Applications for residence permits should be made to the Alien’s Branch of Local Police Departments (Emniyet Mudurlugu Yabancilar Subesi) within 30 days of arriving in Turkey. Applicants are generally required to submit work permit, work visa, education visa or research visa and a letter describing his/her circumstances (i.e. employment, education, marriage to a Turkish citizen).
• Make a photocopy of your passport, credit card and tickets before leaving home and store copies in the hotel’s safe.
• Keep a record of your traveler checks and credit cards serial numbers in a separate and safe place in case they are lost or stolen.
• Keep track of your plane or bus tickets.
• While sightseeing or walking on the streets, we suggest carrying -A your purse in front of you and wallet in your front pocket.
• Carry only the cash you need is small denominations and never discuss your plans or the amount of money you are carrying.
• Don’t be flashy with your money, jewellery of other objects of vaule
• The legal drinking age in Turkey is 18 years of age.
• You should always carry a valid ID when visiting bars or nightclubs.
• It’s unlawful to drink on the streets or in your car.
• Do not drink excessively, “smart drinking” is always recommended when visiting bars or nightclub.
• If you plan on staying out late, make sure someone accompanies you.
• When going to a bar or nightclub, always be aware of what you are being served and never leave your drink unattended.
For more information you can call Istanbul Tourism Police.
• When visiting local attractions, dress kids in bright clothing and designate a meeting site for lost family members. For small children, write down their names and where they are staying and put the paper in their pockets.
• Instruct kids not to open hotel room doors to people they don’t know.
• Make sure kids are familiar with hotel / motel escape routs. Discuss which adult is responsible for which child / children in an emergency.
• When in a car in Istanbul, children 7 years old or under must be in an approved safety seat.
• Never leave children alone in a car.